Frozen shoulder, also called adhesive capsulitis is a condition characterised by pain and loss of motion in the shoulder joint. It is more common in older adults aged between 40 and 60 years and is more common in women than men.
Frozen shoulder is caused by the inflammation of the ligaments holding the shoulder bones together. The shoulder capsule becomes thick, tight and stiff bands of tissue called adhesions may develop. Individuals with a shoulder injury, shoulder surgeries, shoulder immobilised for a longer period of time, other disease conditions such as diabetes, hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism, Parkinson’s disease and cardiac diseases are at risk of developing frozen shoulder.
Frozen shoulder may cause pain and stiffness, and limit the movements of the shoulder.
Frozen shoulder condition can be diagnosed by the presenting symptoms and radiological diagnostic procedures such as X-rays or MRI scans.
Conservative treatment options include:
- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and steroid injections for pain
- Physical therapy to improve your range of motion
- Sometimes, the application of heat to reduce pain
Your surgeon may recommend shoulder arthroscopy when conservative treatments do not relieve symptoms. During surgery, the scar tissue will be removed and tight ligaments, if any, will be dissected. Following surgery, physical therapy will be advised to bring full range of motion and strengthen the muscles.
- Shoulder Pain
- Rotator Cuff Tear
- Shoulder Impingement
- SLAP Tears
- Shoulder Joint Arthritis
- Frozen Shoulder
- Shoulder Instability
- Shoulder Separation
- Shoulder Labral Tear
- Shoulder Dislocation
- Distal Biceps Rupture
- AC Joint Injuries
- Shoulder Trauma
- Clavicle Fracture
- Fractures of the Shoulder Blade
- Broken Arm
- Forearm Fractures in Children
- Elbow Fractures in Children
- Olecranon Fractures
- Radial Head Fractures
- Distal Humerus Fractures of Elbow
- Shoulder Injuries in Throwing Athletes